Seoul Accord Annual General Meeting

The Seoul Accord’s Annual General Meeting (SAGM2016) was held last June 3-5, 2016 at the Royale Chulan, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Read more

PSITE National Board (AY 2016-17)

Due to the recent developments with the PSITE National Board, the board met and reconvened in Manila on 15-March-2016 and held another election. Congratulations to the new set of officers listed below, they will bring PSITE into even greater heights! Soar high, PSITE! Mabuhay!!! Read more

Thailand Educational Benchmarking

Last May 23-28, 2015, I joined the Benchmarking Educational Tour of the PSITE National Board in Bangkok, Thailand. Read more

(ACTIS 2014, Japan) Asian Conference on Technology, Information and Socity

Last November 20-23, 2014, I attended and presented a paper entitled “Best Practices and Challenges of Information Technology Education in the Philippines. Read more

SEOUL ACCORD General Membership Meeting

The Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea (ABEEK) invited me to attend the Seoul Accord General Meeting (SAGM2013(Seoul)), Millennium Seoul Hiiton, Seoul, Korea last June 21 to 23, 2013. Read more

Indonesia Educational Benchmarking

Last May 18-25, 2014, I joined the Benchmarking Educational Tour in Jakarta, Indonesia. Read more

PICAB MOA Signing

Philippine Information and Computing Accreditation Board -- MOA signing Read more

2013 NESRC

Pix taken during the 2013 National Engineering and Science Research Conference (2013 NESRC) held at the Heritage Hotel, Roxas Blvd, Pasay City last March 7, 2013 Read more

PSITE NATCON 2013

PSITE NatCon 2013 Opening Remarks; Read more

SMART SWEEP 2013

A team of four students from the Institute of Computing of the University of Southeastern Philippines clinched the Ideaspace Award and a PhP 100,000 cash prize; Read more

Hongkong Benchmarking Educational Tour

I joined the PSITE National Board Hongkong Benchmarking Educational Tour last January 03-06, 2013; Read more

eGOV Awards 2012

From a shortlist recommended by DOST-ICTO, i was invited to be one of the judges of the eGOV awards final judging last November 8, 2012 at Oxford Hotel, Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga; Read more

10th National Conference on Information Technology Education

Delivered by Dr. Randy S. Gamboa, PSITE President, during the NCITE 2012 October 19, 2012 in Laoag City; Read more

Top 10 Finalists for the 9th SWEEP Innovation and Excellence Awards!

Two entries from the Institute of Computing had been shortlisted as top 10 finalists for the 9th SWEEP Innovation and Excellence Awards!; Read more

10th Philippine Youth Congress on Information Technology(Y4IT)

The Philippine Youth Congress on Information Technology or "Y4iT" (Youth for IT) is an annual event hosted by UP ITTC and UP SITF in cooperation with the UP ITTC Student Volunteer Corps, JICA, PSITE, CSP, PCS, PSIA, GDAP, EITSC, HSF, and Cyberpress. … Read more

Board Meeting

pix taken during the national board meeting last August 17-19, 2012 at Club Balai Isabel, Barangay Banga, Talisay Batangas.; Read more

Certificate of Recognition: Best Paper

The University of Southeastern Philippines held its 25th University Wide In-House Review; Read more

IBM Web Application Development Training

The Institute of Computing through its extension office with IBM and the Philippine Society of Information Technology Educators-Region X1 … Read more

ARIGATO GOZAIMAS

Konnichiwa , On behalf of the participants both from the Philippines and from other countries, I would like to thank the Association for Overseas Technical Scholarship or ….Read more

Friday, December 29, 2006

PSITE 9th Convention

Dear Fellow IT Educators

The Board of Trustees of the Philippine Society of Information Technology Educators (PSITE) cordially invite you and the IT faculty of your institution to the 9th PSITE National Convention. This will be on February 8-10, 2007 at Pines View Hotel, Baguio City. The theme of the convention is “LEARN IT: Learning Edge Applications, Researches, and Norms in Information Technology”.

Below are the convention fees:

Live-in Participants P 4,300.00
(includes accommodations for triple deluxe,
food, and materials)

Live-out Participants P 2,800.00
(includes food, and materials)

Discount: P300.00 for payments made by January 8, 2007

You may remit early payments through any Allied Bank branch. Accomplish deposit slip in triplicate payable to PSITE using the following details:

Account Name: PSITE

Account Number: 3131-02238-4

Branch: Allied Bank- Recto Branch, Manila


Please fax a copy of the validated deposit slip to Engr. Alex Ybasco at (02) 852-26-48. Alternatively, you may present the deposit slip to the convention secretariat on Feb. 8, 2007. Official receipts will be issued during the convention.

Please confirm attendance through the PSITE egroup (psite@yahoogroups.com) or through Engr. Ybasco’s email address (mailto:edwin@addu.edu.ph).

We hope to see you and your colleagues during the convention.

Sincerely,

Nancy M. Flores
Convention Chair

Friday, November 10, 2006

Dissertation Abstract

This study has the basic intention of developing a conceptual model of Information System (IS) leadership roles of IS Leaders of State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in Region XI. More specifically, the study was conducted to determine the profile of the IS leaders of SUCs in terms of individual characteristics and position characteristics; the organizational characteristics of SUCs as to revenue, personnel, colleagues’ use, chief executive’s use, subordinates’ use, data processing stage, information system stage and networking stage; the extent of the participation of IS leaders of SUCs to the social aspects of leadership (informational role, decisional role and interpersonal role); the extent of the participation of IS leaders of SUCs to the technical aspects of leadership (chief architect, change leader, product developer, technology provocateur, coach and chief operating strategist) and whether or not the individual characteristics, position characteristics and organizational characteristics significantly influence the social and technical aspects of is leadership roles.

A descriptive-correlative method of research was used. Data were gathered using a researcher-made survey. To validate and clarify some items in the survey, interviews were performed by the researcher to some of the respondents. Secondary data were collected from the SUCs to further explain the organizational characteristics like revenue and personnel.

Findings showed that extent of participation of IS leaders of SUCs in Region XI in terms of the social and technical aspects of leadership role are both “extensive”. Using stepwise regression technique, results reveal that age, reporting level, colleagues’ use, subordinates’ use and information system stage significantly influence the social and technical aspects of IS leadership roles.
The model for the social aspects of IS leadership role shows that for every unit increase in age, personnel, operating responsibility, subordinates’ use and information system stage, there is also an increase in the leadership role in terms of social aspects. On the other hand, the model for the technical aspects of IS leadership role shows that for every unit increase in age, position years, operating responsibility, subordinates’ use and information system stage, there is also an increase in the leadership role in terms of technical aspects.

Wednesday, October 18, 2006

DORA's Paper -2

Demonstrating Sustainable Solutions in Water Management with a Community-Based Focus: The Davao City Water District Experience
Rodora Gamboa
October 17, 2006, Raffles Convention Centre, Singapore
delivered during the ASIA Water Summit


No time in history have we become so environmentally conscious than we are now. people today have come to the realization that concerted efforts must be done to reverse the tide of destruction that continues to inflict harm on the environment, particularly ON our water resources.

Where i came from, people, especially at the community level, are involving themselves in a rather ambitious undertaking as rehabilitating a watershed primarily because of a greater awareness on its implications to the environment.


INTRODUCTION

The seeds of this heightened sense of environmental concern were among those that were sowed two decades ago when Community development experienced a rebirth in the philippines.

At that time, government organizations joined forces with the private sectors, particularly non-government organizations (NGOs) and cause-oriented groups, in attempting to do something that would improve the quality of life in many parts of the country.

Enlightened political, social and business leaders began to see the opportunities for partnership among themselves and with the communities, channeling their resources to selected areas and embarked on programs and projects that did not only have people as beneficiaries but also participants in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of community-based collaborations.

Soon, the participation of people, who are most affected by the development efforts, became both a strategy and a prerequisite for these community endeavors.

Watershed management was one of the different areas of community development where GOs and NGOs focused their efforts. AS YOU ALL KNOW, Watersheds portray a crucial role in ensuring the availability of abundant water supply. These catchment areas hold and store runoff water before it flows to rivers and other bodies of water, making them very important to national survival.

Because of deforestation, however, many watersheds have been proclaimed by presidential edicts as watershed forest reserves.

To protect them, philippine congress passed Republic Act 7586 otherwise known as the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992. the law provided that all areas declared as watershed forest reserves may not be destroyed, exploited or opened for settlement. Despite its passage, there has been, in general, little mitigation in the process of environmental decay.

In the early 1990s, a water crisis brought about global climatic changes such as the el niÑo phenomenon threatened to affect many parts of the PHILIPPINES. The grim scenario led the government to pursue more initiatives that would protect the remaining watersheds.

For its part, the Philippine Association of Water Districts (PAWD) decided to go into partnership with the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in launching Project Evergreen, which was designed to alleviate forest denudation. several utilities soon embarked on their own watershed rehabilitation projects.

One of them was Davao City Water District.

Since its creation, DCWD has been serving the needs of Davao City, a highly-urbanized metropolis in Mindanao.

Formed on November 3, 1973 pursuant to the provisions of Presidential Decree 198 or the Provincial Water Utilities Act of 1973, the utility originally functioned as a quasi-public corporation. Starting 1992, however, it operated as a full-fledged government utility by virtue of a Supreme Court decision.

DCWD runs and maintains a water system that distributes and supplies water coming from forty-eight (48) pump wells and two (2) surface water sources that serve 151,630 active service connections found in 105 villages, or 57.69 percent of the city’s 182 barangays, THE smallest political unitS in the Philippines.

Davao City is blessed with abundant ground and surface water resources. These water resources, however, face serious threats brought about by rapid population growth, unregulated development, saline intrusion, forest degradation, and climate change.

In light of this, DCWD has vowed to protect davao’s water resources, a posture that is not only in keeping with its corporate social responsibility but also an exercise of one of its legal rights.

About 98 percent of the water that DCWD supplies to the city comes from underground sources while the remaining 2 percent are taken from surface water sources. The utility knows, however, that groundwater is finite and must be utilized wisely and managed carefully.

Considering this, DCWD came up WITH an ambitious plan to rehabilitate a critically endangered area within the Mt. Talomo-Lipadas Watershed.


COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY APPROACH IN WATERSHED REHABILITATION

The area covered by the community-based project lies inside the Mt. Apo National Park, which is considered the headwater of the Lipadas River.

This national park is a natural habitat to the country’s national bird, the Philippine Eagle.

The project sought to attain the following objectives:

1. Rehabilitate 5.36 sq. km (530 ha.) of open 
denuded land;
2. Minimize environmental degradation through soil
and water conservation measures;
3. Establish basic infrastructures;
4. Facilitate the creation of sectoral
organizations in the project sites;
5. Establish a relevant and effective educational
program; and
6. Establish the Ecology and Capital Build-up
funds for the sustainability of economic
endeavors;

Right from the start, dcwd knew that the people’s participation was very critical in the rehabilitative effort. Thus, IT adopted community participation as its core strategy to prepare the people in the uplands for the challenging tasks that lay ahead


SITE SELECTION. Selecting the communities that would BECOME dcwd’s partners was no easy task. since funds for the project were quite limited, the utility needed to come up with a set of criteria for prioritizing the project sites.
These are as follows:

1. People in the barangays have little or no 
objection/resistance to the project or to DCWD;
2. An influential group or person has expressed
initial support for the undertaking;
3. There are few or no ongoing development
projects in the upland areas; and
4. No serious peace and order problems are
obtaining in the villages.


PRE-IMPLEMENTATION.

DCWD found the collection of baseline data about the communities the most critical activity during the pre-implementation stage. Information from the said survey, which was completed in 1994, was later used in the preparation of community profiles, development and management plans and strategies, decision-making, monitoring and evaluation, process documentation, and problem identification and solving.

COMMUNITY ENTRY, IMMERSION AND INTEGRATION. because of unpleasant past experiences, upland villagers generally treated government agencies with distrust. hence, It was necessary that an outsider whom the people can trust be sent to immerse and study the three barangays.

To gain entry into the areas, DCWD sought the assistance of the Community Organizing-Davao Experience (CODE) Foundation, one of the more established NGOs operating in Davao City. CODE then dispatched a community organizer (CO) to the sites.

Aside from studying and gathering data, the CO also acted as an intermediary between the communities and DCWD. He stayed and worked with the villagers until they felt that assistance on a daily basis was no longer needed.

FORMATION OF CORE GROUPS. Creating the core group was an equally crucial phase in community organizing as this body was the basic building block for a people’s organization. Upon the CO’s departure from the barangay, DCWD expected this group to take over the responsibilities that he will leave behind.

In choosing the members who will compose the core group, the CO considered those who have displayed leadership potentials and have extensive interpersonal relations with other community members. He also selected those who are well respected by the villagers, are open-minded and can clearly verbalize the community’s problems and aspirations.

CONDUCT OF CAPABILITY-BUILDING PROGRAMS. DCWD through the CO, conducted information, education and communication (IEC) activities to keep people updated on the developments relative to the project. The utility also organized an exposure trip and conducted a number of seminars for them.

mobilization and networking. Most of the problems facing their respective barangays required the villagers to go beyond the narrow confines of their communities to search for lasting solutions and to forge strategic alliances with other organizations with similar interests who can help boost their efforts at community development. thus, the CO exposed them to mobilization and networking activities to boost their confidence and readiness to take action on whatever problems they encounter.

Formation of people’s organizations. after the prerequisites were done, the formation of the three people’s organizations was formalized. Thus, the Lipadas Watershed Tungkalan Association (LIPWATA), the Daliaon Plantation Lipadas Watershed Association (DAPLIWATA) and the Sarro Lipadas Watershed People’s Organization (SALIWAPO) came into being.

CONVERSION TO COOPERATIVES. In less than five years after their creation, the POs were registered as cooperative enterprises. As cooperatives, they engaged in money lending, charging the loans with minimal monthly interest. They also entered into service contracts with DCWD wherein it was stipulated that the fruit-bearing trees planted in the project areas will be owned by the occupants after five years. with this, the utility hopes that the people’s desire in keeping the watershed areas protected from encroachment and degradation would be sustained.

ESTABLISHMENT OF NURSERIES/PLANTATIONS. A year after the project took off, nurseries and plantations were established and managed by caretakers paid by the utility. PO members participated actively in soil gathering and polybagging, establishment of seedbed, sowing of seeds, and installation of nets and dried leaves that served as partial shades of the seedlings.

Monitoring and evaluation. these mechanisms were also created to address two key concerns: first, whether or not the project is proceeding as scheduled/planned; and second, whether or not the targets/outputs in terms of number of hectares replanted/rehabilitated, seedlings distributed, community meetings conducted, among others, are being met.

LESSONS LEARNED AND INSIGHTS GAINED

Several valuable gains in the form of lessons and insights can be derived from the project. these may be summed up as follows:

Put premium on people development and empowerment.

DCWD saw to it that the financial needs of the communities are addressed first and foremost. Engaging their services as partners in the planting, replanting and maintenance of trees enabled the utility help them financially by compensating their efforts. Through the project, the grassroots were empowered to do something about their plight, which eventually led to the formation of cooperatives.

Involve community members every step of the way

This meant giving them priority and listening to what they have to say. Their opinions on how the project should proceed must be respected and, if possible, woven into the decision-making process out of genuine concern for their well-being and not mere lip service.

Know and respect the community’s social beliefs, customs and traditions.

Understanding the way the decision-making structures of community members, some of whom are indigenous peoples, operate has enabled the utility’s project implementers better handle certain situations. Knowledge of the socio-cultural, economic and political conditions of people affected by the project has gone a long way in helping dcwd SUCCESSFULLY MANAGE THE PROJECT.

Build and sustain a climate of trust, fairness and understanding among the stakeholders.

To foster goodwill and sustain community interest, involvement and commitment throughout THE WHOLE process, the utility sent its people on a periodic basis to sit and discuss relevant issues, concerns and possible solutions with the stakeholders. These visits, which served as bridges of interpersonal trust and confidence, helped the parties involved voice their perceptions, sentiments and opinions and arrive at a consensus.

Employ various methods to encourage and maintain community participation.

There are several techniques that can BE utilizeD to encourage and sustain community participation. Each technique has its pros and cons. EFFECTIVE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MEANS EMPLOYING THESE BASED ON CERTAIN SITUATIONS.

SUSTAINING THE GAINS OF WATERSHED REHABILITATION

To sustain the REHABILITATION project’s gains, dcwd LAUNCHED the “Adopt-a-Site” Project, WHICH sought to:


1. Ensure continuity and sustainability of the
watershed rehabilitation project;
2. Encourage direct and/or indirect involvement of
government agencies, NGOs,private corporations,
civil society and individuals in managing and
developing watershed protection and conservation
projects; and
3. Provide a venue for interested individuals
taking their family and friends to an “eco-
camp” in the area and enjoy nature through
the eco-friendly “mountain trek”.


WHAT LIES AHEAD: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

Inspired by the success of its watershed rehabilitation project, the utility is now girding up for the next level: employing its core strategy in other aspects of water supply and development.

Preparing the groundwork for surface water development. For two years now, the utility has been organizing and empowering the indigenous peoples living around ANOTHER WATERSHED AREA, THE Mt. Tipolog-Tamugan watershed, THE drainage basin of Tamugan River. this river is one of those BEING EYED AS POSSIBLE SOURCE for dcwd’s surface water development and utilization project.

The project INVOLVEs WATERSHED REHABILITATION and riverbank protection within the ancestral domain OF the Obo-Manobo tribe, one of the many ethnic groups in Davao City.

These indigenous peoples will be organized into POs that will serve as DCWD’s project partners.

Promoting Rainwater HARVESTING in Remote Communities.

Using community participation as its core strategy, DCWD intends to pursue a massive information campaign that would increase public awareness about the benefits of collecting and utilizing rainwater, to complement piped water service, particularly in periurban communities which have no individual household connections yet.

By promoting this, DCWD looks forward to the possibility of being freeD from the burden of building and maintaining too many facilities such as wells, pipelines, reservoirs and chlorinating stations, in its existing service areas, thereby enabling it to expand its services to other waterless areas.

Improving the Access to Sewerage Systems.

Most households in DAVAO city discharge their wastewater directly into septic tanks that do not get cleaned or undergo treatment for years. The poor state of sewerage in the city may be attributed to the people’s LACK OF INTEREST IN AVAILING such service. as shown in one study, the willingness to pay for sewerage was very low.

With the passage of the Clean Water Act of 2004, HOWEVER, the utility INTENDS TO ORGANIZE people into robust organizations that will co-manage and later on manage their respective community-based sewerage systems. The challenge lies on how to convince THEM that the price of agreeing to pay for sewerage will prove to be a cheaper option in the long run compared to the price of disagreeing to pay for it.

CONCLUSIONS AND SUMMARY

Community participation as a flexible approach to local development has, to a great extent, enabled the utility to realize that it can also become a “big brother”, a social reformer, a change agent at the community level by supporting and allowing ordinary villagers being affected by its undertakings to identify their problems, propose and implement solutions and monitor and evaluate the outcomes of those solutions.

In summary, dcwd’s experience has shown that an entity wanting to pursue a community-based watershed rehabilitation project must be prepared to go through a painstakingly complicated but rewarding process that involves the following:

1. Site selection based on a sound prioritization
criteria;
2. Pre-implementation activities including
establishment of baseline data ;
3. Community entry, immersion and integration;
4. Formation of core groups;
5. Conduct of capability-building programs;
6. Mobilization and networking of the project
communities;
7. Formation of people’s organizations;
8. Conversion of these pos to cooperatives;
9. Establishment of nurseries and plantations; and
10.Periodic monitoring and evaluation at the
community level.

In return, such experience yields several valuable lessons and insights.

Hence, it can now be told that in a watershed rehabilitation project it is important to:


1. Put premium on people development and 
empowerment;
2. Involve community members every step of the way;
3. Know and respect the community’s social
beliefs, customs and traditions;
4. Build and sustain a climate of trust, fairness
and understanding among the stakeholders; and
5. Employ various methods to encourage and
maintain community participation.

The many milestones dcwd has achieved in working with communities, however, does not mean that what needs to be done has been done. That is why, it is now girding to employ its core strategy in the following:


1. Preparing the groundwork for surface water 
development;
2. Promoting rainwater harvesting in remote
waterless communities of davao city; and
3. Improving access of urban communities to
sewerage facilities.

In closing, i would like to thank the organizers of the asia water summit, on behalf of davao city water district, for making us a part of this gathering.

Good day to everyone!

Wednesday, August 2, 2006

NCITE '06



Dear IT Educators


Greetings from the Philippine Society of I.T. Educators Foundation, Inc.(PSITE)!

We cordially invite you to attend the National Conference on Information Technology Education (NCITE 2006). It will be held on October 23-24, 2006 at Ateneo de Davao University, Davao City in cooperation with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) through the Technical Panel for I.T. Education (TPITE).

The main trust for NCITE 2006 is to provide venue for remarkable I.T. educators to present many possibilities of I.T. on various avenues. It also aims to promote intersection of ideas and knowledge for personal learning and growth.
NCITE 2006 provides a unique forum for Education, Government and Business professionals to discuss the latest research, development, applications, issues, and strategies, to explore new technologies, and to identify solutions for today’s challenges related to I.T.

Various research papers will be presented to enable participants to learn and collaborate with expert faculty and peers on development, learning experiences, design and implementation needed to improve I.T. research.

With 300+ participants from 150+ different higher education institutions at this conference, NCITE has become one of the leading and largest national conferences and gathering of I.T. educators.

Should you have some queries, please contact the undersigned (0917-8047121) or Mr. Randy Gamboa (0917-7197238) for further details.

We are certain that you will find your involvement in this year's event very meaningful. We look forward to your support.

Very truly yours,


ENGR. ALEXANDER B. YBASCO
PSITE National President SY 2006-2007

Wednesday, July 12, 2006

My JoyJoy

My name is Rachelle Joy Gamboa. I was born on November 13, 1993. When I was young, I was a bit chubby. I also had very thin hair (until now). Toys were one of my favorites. They were like my mini friends.

Now, I am almost a teenager. I hang-out with my friends and sometimes hang-out at the mall. I am maturing very slowly but I know I’ll get there. Toys aren’t my priority right now because I am focusing more on m studies.

In the future, I would like to do a lot of things. Fist of all, I would like to be lawyer. I picked being a lawyer because I am good at debating and in court. Next, I want to be a Fashion Designer. As a fashion designer you get to be one of the trend- setters and also, I make very nice designs according to my mood.

It’s amazing how time flies. Knowing that we still have to occur a lot of changes in life. Not only physically but also emotionally. Nothing is impossible.

Saturday, February 11, 2006

DORA's Paper-1

Water Consumption and Level of Acceptability of Rainwater among Users in Davao City: Basis for Advocacy
Rodora N. Gamboa
February 10, 2006, Phela Convention Center, General Santos City
delivered during th PICHE National Convention

ABSTRACT

The world population is expected to increase from 6.5 billion today to 9.1 billion by the year 2020. Water will be in high demand with increasing population. The increases in water demand gave rise to the stress in water resources and dire need for alternative sources such as rainwater. In Davao City, attempts have been made to advocate rainwater use; however, it has not yet gained much ground. This study was made to determine the level of acceptability of rainwater use in Davao City in terms of quantity, quality, usage and cost, and presents an advocacy program based on the findings gathered.

Keywords: rainwater, water consumption, advocacy.

1. INTRODUCTION

The study is a social descriptive-correlative research and attempts to support the move of the city to promote rainwater utilization. Prior to an advocacy program, the level of acceptability is recommended to be determined to find out the areas where advocacy will be concentrated.

In a report of Salas (2005) to the World Bank, she mentioned that acceptability is one social indicator that should be used in assessing sustainability of rainwater catchment systems. Her study is related to this study with regard to theme but different in terms of parameters and scope. While acceptability is high in the places in her study area, she reasoned that it is possible that such high percentage is a product of non-availability of other options.

The study covers the water users in Davao City. It is however limited to those users served by the Davao City Water District (DCWD) which are classified into residential, commercial and government.

2. OBJECTIVES

This study mainly aimed to determine the relationship between the levels of water consumption and acceptability of rainwater among users in Davao City. Specifically, the study sought to find out the level of water consumption as classified according to type of user. It also seeks to determine the level of acceptability of rainwater among users in Davao City in terms of quantity, quality, usage and cost. The study attempts to determine whether or not there is a significant difference in the level of water consumption when analyzed by location (by congressional district) and whether or not there is a significant difference in the level of acceptability among users in Davao City when analyzed by location. Lastly, this study came up with an advocacy program on rainwater use in Davao City.

3. MATERIALS AND METHODS

Researcher-made questionnaires served as the main instrument of this study and it was designed to primarily elicit responses on the level of acceptability of rainwater use. A survey was conducted to 540 sample respondents from a population of 151,088, stratified according to type of user and location. In determining the water consumption of the three types of users, secondary data from DCWD was used.

4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

Based on the survey and secondary data gathered, the findings and results are presented below.

4.1 Water Consumption

The overall level of water consumption is average. Residential and commercial users have an average level of water consumption while government users have the low level of water consumption.

The results on the level of water consumption among the three types of users can be attributed on the degree of the needs and various uses of the water and of the water conservation practices of the users.

4.2 Level of Acceptability

As presented in Table 1, the level of acceptability of rainwater among users in Davao City is moderate. It can be noted that for residential and commercial users, the level of acceptability is high in terms of usage and low in terms of quality.

              Table 1 
Level of Acceptability Among Users in Davao City

The results indicate that the users have moderate level of acceptability of the rainwater as alternative resource, which could be influenced with their perceptions on the quality of the rainwater, quantity and cost. But in terms of its usage, rainwater can be an alternative resource of water for many uses or domestic purposes. The moderate level of acceptability is because there are several options where people in Davao City can get water.

Further, the study reveals that regardless of the location or district, the level of water consumption nor the level of acceptability of users is not affected or influenced. Moreover, the research shows that the level of water consumed by the users does not affect or influence their level of acceptability on rainwater.

4.3 Advocacy Program

Anchored on the findings of the study, an advocacy program was crafted addressing perception of quantity, quality and cost, while strengthening the perception on usage. The advocacy program highlights specific targets, development strategies, two-year matrix of proposed programs and projects and a monitoring plan.

5. CONCLUSIONS

The level of water consumption of the water users in Davao City is on the average level. The level of acceptability of rainwater among users is moderate. The level of acceptability based on the three indicators (quantity, quality and cost) is of moderate level. The level of acceptability of rainwater based on its usage is high. The level of water consumed by the users does not affect or influence their level of acceptability on rainwater. An advocacy program can be crafted based on the level of acceptability of users.

6. REFERENCES

Salas, J. C. (2003). An Exploratory Study on Rainwater Harvesting in the Philippines. World Bank.

Sharma, R. (2005). An Introduction to Advocacy. United States of Agency for International Development.

United Nations Environment Programme. (2004). Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augumentation in Small Island Developing States. UNEP.